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en202:uart

UART Interface

The modules described here make it possible to transfer data from a standard computer to a FPGA board through a UART link. On the computer side, specific software must be used to exchange data, the most convenient is TeraTerm which is already installed on most ENSEIRB-MATMECA computers.

( figure source )

To send data, it is possible to type ASCii chars on the keyboard, or to select a file containing them. To receive data, it is possible to read ASCii chars in the TeraTerm window, or to store them in a selected file. For more details, go to the TeraTerm configuration chapter.


How does UART work

In UART mode, data is transmitted on a single signal. Received data arrives through the RX pin, and transmitted data is sent through the TX pin.

Receiving Data

The module UART_recv analyses data incoming on the RX pin. Once a byte has been received, dat_en is set ( ='1' ) during ONE clock cycle. Data received is output on dat while dat_en is set.

the transmission parameters are :

  • 115 200 bps
  • 8 bits / word
  • No parity
  • No flow control
  • 1 stop bit

VHDL module

Sending Data

The module UART_send builds the waveform to send data on TX. Sending data is only possible when the module is in idle state ( output busy = '0' ). To send a byte, assign the 8 bits value to the dat input during one clock cycle and assert (set to '1') the dat_en input simultaneously.

  • Using the standard UART_send module, the busy output will be asserted as soon as a byte transfer has started (immediately after dat_en is set). The module will become ready as soon as the transfer is empty.
  • Using the UART_fifo_send module, a FIFO (First In, First Out) module is implemented before sending data. It is then possible to enqueue several bytes to transmit. The busy output is asserted when the internal FIFO is full, and de-asserted as soon as it becomes non-full.

the transmission parameters are :

  • 115 200 bps
  • 8 bits / word
  • No parity
  • No flow control
  • 1 stop bit

TeraTerm configuration

Most FPGA kits have an Embedded USB-connected UART port (often wrongly named USB to UART converter). When launching TeraTerm, select the UART COM port. Then go to the setup menu nad select serial port. It is then possible to set the connection parameters.

Once configured, any char typed is sent to the FPGA board through the UART link (But is not displayed), and any char sent by the FPGA board is displayed in the terminal window.

Sending a file to the Board

To send a binary file, use the file/send file… window. Then, select the file to send. If sending binary data, check the binary box to avoid line feed translations.

recording data from the board

To record data, select the file/log… window. Set the file to record (you may again set the binary flag). A new window pops up. Click on close to stop recording.

en202/uart.txt · Dernière modification: 2018/02/06 10:35 par bornat